“Going Further Together” Pilot Workshop in Kenya
At a Glance
Purpose: To raise awareness on effective engagement of CSOs in development processes and the international commitments that speak to this, by organizing a multi-stakeholder workshop aimed at actors from the donor, government, and CSO communities in Kenya.
Timing: During the November 2018 meeting of the Task Team on CSO Development Effectiveness and Enabling Environment, Kenya was selected to host first pilot workshop at country level. The proposed dates for the workshop are 27 – 28 June 2019.
Approach: Provide a tool aimed at generating an understanding of the international commitments on CSO development effectiveness and enabling environment; what this means in practice for different development actors; and the benefits that can ensue through means of good practice examples.
Objective: To provide a starting point for ongoing multi-stakeholder dialogue and in this way contribute to launching a partnership framework between Governments and CSOs in Kenya.
Rationale: Although the commitments on the CSO enabling environment and CSO development effectiveness have existed for a decade, progress in their realization is slow. In Kenya, this is amongst others due to insufficient awareness of the existence of these commitments; what they entail in practice; and the lack of consolidated guidance at national level on how Governments can build partnerships with CSOs in the development framework.
Context: In Kenya, several systems are in place that allow for more structured dialogue between the Government, development partners, and civil society. However, a number of challenges remain including issues of coordination, capacity building, resources, and lack of awareness on the international commitments. Raising awareness on these international commitments will enable local CSOs to understand their role in development and allow local stakeholders to understand the significance of engaging CSOs in sustainable development. The scale and ambition of Agenda 2030 requires participation of all development actors, including CSOs, to ensure its implementation. Effective engagement of CSOs to achieve the SDGs in Kenya is a shared responsibility: Government, Donors, and CSOs all have a role to play. In this context, the workshop aims to contribute to SDG 17 (multi-stakeholder partnerships) by building multi-stakeholder dialogue, and a greater understanding of stakeholders’ varied roles in advancing CSO engagement to achieve the SDGs.
Set-up: The context in Kenya is prime for a workshop with an interactive set-up, with the opportunity for open and concerted dialogue. The set-up is broken down into modules, including:
1. Multi-stakeholder role play: to set the scene for the workshop whereby participants will discuss the roles of civil society in development and seek to find common ground. The aim is to show the process of discussing such difficult issues and that sometimes a different perspective may lead to a better outcome, as well as to foster reflections on the various aspects of what is needed to enable CSO engagement in development.
2. Presentation on the international commitments: to explain what the international commitments entail using a four-part framework, where each part speaks to a particular element of the commitments. The presentation will also provide guidance and examples on key areas of good practice, and the relevance to advancing the 2030 Agenda.
3. World Café: multi-stakeholder break-out groups have focused discussions on what each of the modules of the 4-part framework entail in practice and together try to generate recommendations for good practice within their country context.
4. Recommendations in Plenary: discuss the recommendations so as to generate tailored guidance for effective engagement of CSOs in development processes, as a starting point for a partnership framework between Governments and CSOs in Kenya
· Sensitization of key development actors in Kenya on the importance of effective engagement of CSOs in development processes.
· A general understanding amongst workshop participants on the international commitments on CSO development effectiveness and enabling environment.
· A basis for ongoing multi-stakeholder dialogue on the civil society-related commitments.
· Tailored guidance as a starting point for a partnership framework between Governments & CSOs.
Draft Agenda “Going Further Together” Workshop in Kenya
9:00-9:30: Registration and assigning role play name tags as well as World Café groups
9:30-10:00: Introductory session:
o Words of welcome by country collaborators from Government, donor, and CSO community
o Intro to the Task Team and context – origin of CSO related commitments and relevance to the SDG agenda
o Introduction to the keynote speaker
10:00-10:30: Keynote speech suited to local/country context
10:30-10:45: Coffee break
MODULE 1: Multi-stakeholder Dialogue Role Play Session
10:45-11:00: Plenary session: Trading Places
o Explanation of outline and aim of roleplay session plus country profile presentation
11:00-11:45: Divide into groups plus reading time and single stakeholder discussion
o Discuss stakeholder documents from role play perspective and identify what is good and what is missing
o Write 5 things to remove/revise/add to improve document on flip chart
o Presentation by stakeholder groups
11:45-12:00: Multi-stakeholder negotiations (in same role) – narrowing down to max. 3 changes
12:00-12:15: Wrap-up and key takeaways
MODULE 2: International Commitments, Guidance & Good Practice
13:15-14:15: Presentation on the international commitments, guidance, and good practice examples, incl. Q&A
14:15-14:30: Presentation by guest speaker (Betty/Zefania?) on a country example of a well-organized CSO dialogue framework. (TBC)
MODULE 3: World Café
14:30-16:00: Explanation of the World Café set-up, presentation of facilitators and appointment of rapporteurs
Group discussions [15 mins each – additional time planned for rotation between groups]:
Group 1: Multi-stakeholder dialogue
Group 2: CSO Development Effectiveness, Accountability and Transparency
Group 3: Official development cooperation with CSOs
Group 4: Enabling Laws, regulations, policies and practice
Group 5: Multi-stakeholder Initiatives for the SDGs: The Benefits & Dilemmas
16:00-16:15: Coffee Break
MODULE 4: Recommendations in plenary
16:15-16:45: Plenary session: Report-back from the World Café sessions
o Each group reports back with their recommendations for effective engagement of CSOs in development processes in Kenya.
o The session moderator, together with the workshop participants, consolidate the recommendations to generate tailored guidance effective engagement of CSOs in development processes in Kenya.
Wrap-up and Closing
17:15-17:30: Wrap-up and closing
“Going Further Together” Pilot Workshop in Kenya
With the adoption of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) as part of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (2030 Agenda), the importance of the effective engagement of civil society organizations (CSOs) in development has become increasingly urgent. Over the last decade, starting at the Accra High Level Forum on Aid Effectiveness, international commitments have been made to support and recognize CSOs as independent development actors in their own right to ensure that CSO contributions to development reach their full potential. More specifically, governments made the commitment to provide an environment that is supportive of CSOs (CSO enabling environment), while CSOs committed to enhance their own effectiveness, transparency and accountability (CSO development effectiveness).
The Task Team on CSO Development Effectiveness and Enabling Environment (Task Team) seeks to promote and advance implementation of these international commitments on civil society in development. Its work is grounded in the belief that CSOs are key actors in development and that they have valuable contributions to make. The multi-stakeholder Task Team has participants from three stakeholder groups: governments that provide development cooperation, partner country governments, and CSOs affiliated with the CSO Partnership for Development Effectiveness (CPDE). The National Treasury and the Reality of Aid Africa Network (ROA Africa) in Kenya, as well as the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida) are active participants of the Task Team and share the belief that CSOs are key actors in development that have valuable contributions to make.
Despite ten years of hard work after the international agreements in Accra, much remains to be done. Progress in the realization of the commitments on the CSO enabling environment and CSO development effectiveness is slow. This is amongst others due to insufficient awareness of the existence of these commitments, what they entail in practice and what benefits they create. As such, the Government, CSO and Donor community in Kenya, with support from the Task Team, intend to co-create a multi-stakeholder workshop entitled “Going Further Together”, to raise awareness on effective engagement of CSOs in development processes.
Worldwide there is a shrinking space for CSOs to perform their role as independent watchdogs and service delivery organizations in development processes. In many countries, development dialogues are not always inclusive and the CSO enabling environment and CSOs’ development effectiveness are still lagging behind the international norms that have been set. In this sense, there is a gap between discussion at global level and national level implementation.
To fill this gap and reach out to local stakeholders directly, the Task Team plans to support Government, donor and CSO representatives in country to organize a local level interactive and informational workshop on the international commitments that have been made on CSO development effectiveness (DE) and enabling environment (EE). The intent for the workshop is to share good practices from around the world and stimulate multi-stakeholder dialogue around these issues. This workshop will build on the Task Team’s key messages and guidance on CSO DE and EE. The intent is to widen and deepen a common understanding of what is meant by CSO DE and EE, and what good practices stakeholders can implement to make progress to realize the international commitments in relation to civil society. The set-up consists of modules that can be used as building blocks for a workshop. This way local partners decide which set-up is the best fit for their context and purpose; ranging from a ‘light-touch’ workshop to a more interactive workshop.
Point of Departure
The point of departure for the workshop in Kenya is that the scale and ambition of Agenda 2030 requires participation of all development actors, including CSOs, to ensure its implementation. The workshop in Kenya will be founded on the belief that effective engagement of CSOs in development to achieve the SDGs is a shared responsibility: partner country governments, donors, and CSOs all have a role to play to help maximize CSOs’ contributions. In particular therefore the workshop supports implementation of SDG 17 (‘Partnerships for the goals’), where the aim of the workshop is to outline this common commitment to advancing the role of CSOs in development processes. The workshop sets out to explain the international commitments, what they mean in practice for different development actors, and the benefits that can ensue. It is intended to be interactive and informational in order to support the ongoing development dialogue.
The focus of the workshop is to contribute to SDG 17 by building inclusive partnerships for development through means of multi-stakeholder dialogue, and a greater understanding of stakeholders’ varied roles in advancing CSO engagement to achieve the SDGs. The workshop is relevant to all SDGs not only due to CSOs’ role in SDG implementation but also because CSOs are representatives of citizens around the world that the SDGs target in the spirit of leaving no one behind.
The focus of the country-level workshop will be on knowledge sharing, by providing information on international commitments based on the Task Team’s multi-stakeholder messages, and good practices from around the world.
The aim country-level workshop, the Task Team and its partners aim to:
· Raise awareness on effective engagement of CSOs in development processes for the realization of the SDGs.
· Contribute to a common understanding and increased implementation of the CSO EE and CSO DE commitments.
· Facilitate neutral third party convening of multi-stakeholder dialogue on CSO EE and DE issues.
· Generate an understanding of how to advance the implementation of SDG 17 on the means of implementation and multi-stakeholder partnerships.
The envisioned outcomes are contingent to the set-up chosen by partners at the country level, and can be both short-term and long-term in nature. Primarily, the aim of the workshop will be to raise awareness on the international commitments in relation to civil society in development. Awareness-raising of these commitments can then help advance progress in their implementation at the country level and support accountability among all development partners. Multi-stakeholder dialogue is an important vehicle to do so. A more interactive workshop could provide access to multi-stakeholder dialogue, through which different stakeholders can share their valuable insights and experiences for more effective and coordinated engagement.
Kenya has mainstreamed the SDGs into the country’s development framework through the Third Medium Term Plan (MTP3), 2018-2022. The Kenya Vision 2030 is implemented through successive five year Medium Term Plans (MTPs). MTP 3, launched in 2018, will in effect embed the SDGs in all government Ministries, Departments and Agencies. Implementation of this vision documents is supported by several systems that allow for more structured dialogue between the Government and development partners, as well as with county governments, civil society, the private sector and foundations.
However, despite Government efforts to put in place measures to maximize development co-operation effectiveness, a number of challenges remain. One such challenge is awareness of the international principles and commitments on CSO development effectiveness & enabling environment (CSO DE & EE). Raising awareness on these international commitments will enable local CSOs to understand their role in development and allow local stakeholders to understand the significance of engaging CSOs in sustainable development, and ensure their inclusion. It would further encourage CSOs and communities to champion the engagement of CSOs in development and multi-stakeholder initiatives. At the same time, coordination of CSO engagement can be challenging given the amount of different CSO networks. All these elements suggests that issues of coordination, capacity building, resources and awareness raising on the international commitments should be addressed.
Entry Points & Outreach
Balanced representation of the different stakeholder groups (at least 10 participants from each of the donor, government, and CSO communities) is key for the success of the workshop. This will only succeed if the workshop is arranged through well-organized local structures and the engagement of the established architecture at country level. Given the non-interventionist nature of these workshops, they would have to be owned at country level, through leadership of country level champions. As such, The National Treasury and ROA Africa, together with Sida, will act as ‘Champions’ in liaising with country level stakeholders to generate participation in the country level workshop and identify demands. The Task Team Secretariat can support this process if and as needed. Cooperation with other partners in Kenya will be explored.
The proposed timing of the workshop in Kenya is 9-10 May 2019. With this timeframe, the outputs of the workshop can also generate insights and information that could be used for the Senior Level Meeting of the Global Partnership as well as the High Level Political Forum (both set for July 2019), in which many key stakeholders are likely to be engaged.
Participant mailing list
In registering for the workshop, participants will be asked whether they would like to be added to a dedicated mailing list. The intention of this mailing list is to follow-up on information and activities after the workshop. In this way, participants can stay up to date on relevant information and opportunities, but also provide input on specific issues through means of short surveys for example. The mailing list can also be used as a forum for continued dialogue amongst participants as a whole, as well as groups of participants, and could potentially be maintained by a country level champion.
An interactive workshop website will be designed by the Task Team. This website will contain; information on the international commitments on CSOs in development; guidance and good practice on CSO DE and the CSO EE; workshop materials; links to ongoing international initiatives; and other resources. During the workshop, participants will be informed about this website and the available resources. Data management technology will then inform metrics, usability, demand, as well as a valuable evidence base.
Local Lessons to the Global Level
It is proposed that, in conjunction with these workshops, the Task Team gathers lessons and insights from participants on the state of CSO development effectiveness and enabling environment in their country. This would serve as a ‘reality check’ on how the Task Team’s global messages, and relatedly, the international commitments in relations to CSO development effectiveness and enabling environment, compare to what is happening and to what is deemed relevant and feasible on the ground at country level. This initiative, as well as further follow-up, will crystalize as the organisation and implementation process of the workshop unfolds. The goal is to bring evidence-based info from the local level back to the global level, e.g. the Global Partnership and Agenda 2030.
On the basis of further discussions between the Task Team and partners on the ground, further explicit consideration will be given to the learning process from these pilots. A plan will be developed on what lessons will be learned from the workshops, including questions such as how the overall process functioned, what components of the events worked well and which did not, and the important questions of under what circumstances it will be possible for the Task Team to engage productively at the country level and under which it will not.
Roles & Responsibilities
The Task Team
The role of the Task Team is the presentation of its Guidance and key messages in a fashion customized to local stakeholder needs. The Task Team offers content and building blocks that can be used to organize multi-stakeholder workshops. In this light, the Task Team can provide a presentation to explain what the international commitments entail using the Task Team’s four-part framework. If desired, the Task Team Secretariat can also provide workshop materials for the facilitation of multi-stakeholder role-play and dialogue.
Task Team Pilot Partners
In Kenya, the Pilot Partners are:
· The National Treasury & Planning
· Reality of Aid Africa
· Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency
Where the Secretariat can develop the materials for the workshops, it is envisioned that the Pilot Partners (or a nominated country representative) will champion the workshops by taking a lead in the organization. This includes; deciding on the timing of the workshops; deciding the set-up of the agenda; identifying speakers and panel members; identifying & inviting participants; identifying possible venues; opening the workshops through means of a short introduction; and facilitating group discussions.
Although beyond the scope of this workshop; participants are encouraged to undertake continued multi-stakeholder dialogue and concretely discuss how this applies to national policies and practices, so as to advance progress in the implementation of the international commitments.